We’ve taken great steps to understand the science behind oak maturation. Nine decades and millions of research dollars have taught us how to control oak to bring about desired, customized aromas and flavors. The art of creating and developing better barrels for the wine industry is an ongoing process. To this end, we work with a variety of wood sources and conduct hundreds of experiments and studies with research specialists, winemakers and universities throughout the world. David Llodra, Research and Development Director, works in close harmony with Dr. James Swan, our research consultant. As a result of this ongoing research, we are breaking new ground in barrel maturation, gaining greater barrel consistency, and widening the choices available to our customers.